Astronaut Oleg Artemyev captured from ISS the Guiana Space Center, French Guiana.

Credit: Oleg Artemyev, Roscosmos

The Guiana Space Centre or Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) is a French and European spaceport to the northwest of Kourou in French Guiana, France. It is near the equator, so that less energy is required to maneuver a spacecraft into an equatorial, geostationary orbit. It also has open sea to the east, so that lower stages of rockets and debris from launch failures are unlikely to fall on human habitations. Since 1604 when France’s Henri IV constructed a seaport to initiate Amazon research, French Guiana increased its settlers. Cayenne was established in 1638. The largest industry is fishing, gold mining and timber, with its location near the equator, France established the Guiana Space Centre in 1966. Today space industry accounts for over 20% of GDP with 1,700 comployment.

The local scenery on the ground is as follows.

Credit: Wikipedia

Reference: Oleg Artemyev’s Tweet
See earthview photo gallery: LiVEARTH