Astronaut on board ISS captured Africa and Saudi Arabia at night. Cities and lights are concentrated on the western and eastern shore of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Arabian Peninsula is the largest peninsula in the world, consisting of 7 countries: Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The most prominent feature of the peninsula is desert, but in the southwest, there are mountain ranges, which receive greater rainfall than the rest of the peninsula. Harrat ash Shaam is a large volcanic field that extends from northwestern Arabia into Jordan and southern Syria. Geologically, this region is more appropriately called the Arabian subcontinent because it lies on a tectonic plate of its own, the Arabian Plate, which has been moving incrementally away from the rest of Africa (forming the Red Sea) and north, toward Asia, into the Eurasian Plate (forming the Zagros Mountains).
This is the Arabian Peninsula at night released by NASA.