NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellite captured Lake Kariba along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. Due to the worst drought in a century, diminished lake caused decreased grain production by 30% accross the region.
Lake Kariba is the world’s largest man-made lake and reservoir by volume which lies 1,300km upstream from the Indian Ocean. Lake Kariba was filled between 1958 and 1963 following the completion of the Kariba Dam at its northeastern end, flooding the Kariba Gorge on the Zambezi River. During the filling up phase of the lake, the water was high in nutrients coming from decomposing, inundated vegetation, creating a thick layer of fertile soil on land that became the lake bed. As a result, the ecology of Lake Kariba is vibrant. A number of fish species have been introduced to the lake, notably the sardine-like kapenta (transported from Lake Tanganyika), which now supports a thriving commercial fishery. Other inhabitants of Lake Kariba include Nile crocodiles and hippopotami.
The local scenery on the ground is as follows.
Reference: Drought Threatens Millions in Southern Africa (NASA EArth Observatory)
See earthview photo gallery: LiVEARTH