NASA’s DSCOVR satellite captured Saharan dust cloud moving over the Atlantic Ocean.
Dust from west coast of Africa travels 5,000km over the Atlantic Ocean to reach the Amazon rainforests of South America (5,000km is the approximate distance from New York, U.S. to Dublin, Ireland). According to NASA, the Saharan dusts contain rock minerals such as phosphorous, an essential nutrient for plant proteins and growth, and is thought to provide nutrients for Amazon soils. Scientists point out the possibility of relationship between the growth of the vast Amazon rainforests and the Saharan sands.
This is the photo taken by astronaut aboard ISS.
NASA also released a movie of the Saharan dust cloud.